Today, I have the distinct pleasure and honor publish an article written by the current Count of Quinta Alegre, don Fernando Molina Alcalde, who also happens to be a distant cousin of mine.
So, without more from me, here is the Count’s article:
Several years ago, when I joined the Asociación de Hidalgos a Fuero de España, I proved my nobility and also my ancestral paternal arms for Molina. It was an easy claim since two years earlier my relative Luis Molina Wood had joined the very same noble corporation and his file included the Molina heraldic arms. In my petition I mentioned that I had the very same arms.1
Ancestral arms of Molina: Azure a castle between in base a half millstone Argent and in chief three fleurs de lis Or, all within a bordure Gules charged with eight saltorels Or
These are the same arms that are found in the house of Diego de Molina “el Viejo” (the Elder) in the town of Almagro, today in the province of Ciudad Real, Spain. Diego de Molina “el Viejo,” who was an archpriest, lived between the end of the 15th century through the first half of the 16th century. He founded a very wealthy entail (mayorazgo) and his nephew Diego de Molina “el Joven” (the Younger) was called the first to enjoy it and then his descendants through the male lines, in order of
primogeniture. In case of extinction of his line -it never happened, the Molina Herrera family, also nephews of the founder, were called to it. Among these last ones, Jerónimo de Molina y Herrera, one of the founders of one of the Molina families in Chile in the XVI century, was a common ancestor of Luis Molina Wood and this author.
As Almagro was the seat of the ancient Order of Calatrava, there was a large concentration of noble families.
In 1995 HM King Juan Carlos I of Spain graciously rehabilitated in my favor the title of Count of Quinta Alegre. This Castillian nobiliary title was originally created by HM King Charles III by Royal Decree signed in San Lorenzo on October 22, 1767 for Juan Alcalde y Gutiérrez of Santiago, Chile and born in 1707 in Durón, Guadalajara, Spain. According to the laws of the time, Juan Alcalde’s previously granted title of Viscount of Rivera (Vizcondado previo de Rivera) was canceled upon the creation of this last one.
Arms of the first Count of Quinta Alegre: Quarterly 1 & 4 Argent a castle Gules over a base wavy Azure and Argent; 2 & 3: Argent a lion rampant Proper
A few months later, King Charles III granted a coat of arms to the new Count in Letters Patent dated December 4, 1767 that would be the familial arms of the count and his descendants.2
While in Madrid right after the Royal Decree rehabilitating the title in my favor, I consulted with an expert in heraldry regarding how I should compose my arms that had already been registered and now with my comital title. What was clear was that I could not place the comital coronet above my paternal arms of Molina because the title was not a Molina title but, rather, an Alcalde one. Although, I descend twice from the first Count of Quinta Alegre via my paternal line and once via my maternal.
In any case, the solution was simple: dimidiate the two shields and place the coronet of rank above it. Luckily, my two surnames are Molina Alcalde.
Arms of the current Count of Quinta Alegre, don Fernando Molina Alcalde
Ever since, I have been using these arms as my own and was admitted with these in the Casa Troncal de los Doce Linajes de Soria as a Caballero hijodalgo, Linaje Salvadores (Knight Hijodalgo, Lineage of the Salvadores) in early January 2011. It was an opportunity to officially register my marshalled arms of Molina y Alcalde with this historic nobiliary corporation. A blog entry in the official blog of the corporation displayed these arms along with a short article on January 11, 2011 and again the next day on January 12.
Fernando Joaquín Molina Alcalde, Conde de Quinta Alegre
New York, January 20, 2011
- Asociación de Hidalgos a Fuero de España, Padrón de Estado, Madrid, 1967, v. 3, p.134-135, expediente Nº 1840 de don Luis Molina Wood, natural de Santiago, Chile; incluye armas de varonía. Azur, con un castillo de plata, acompañado de tres flores de lis de oro en jefe, y en punta una media rueda de molino, de plata; bordura de gules, cargada de ocho aspas de oro.
Asociación de Hidalgos a Fuero de España, Padrón de Estado, Madrid, 1970, v.5, p.142-143, expediente Nº 3435 de don Fernando Joaquín Molina Alcalde, natural de Santiago, Chile, menciona como armas las del expediente Nº 1840.
- Juan Espejo, Nobiliario de la Capitanía General de Chile, Santiago, 2ª edición, 1967, p.51 (ilustrado) y p.54 n.1; y Ampelio Alonso de Cadenas y López, y Vicente de Cadenas y Vicent, Heraldario español, europeo y americano, vol. 5, Madrid, 1998, p.259 (ilustrado). Cuartelado: 1º y 4º de plata con un castillo de gules puesto sobre ondas de plata y azur; 2º y 3º de plata, con un león rampante de su color.
Juan Mujica, Linajes españoles. Nobleza colonial de Chile, Santiago, 1927, ilustración sin número, entre las páginas 11 y 12, incluye las armas de los Alcalde con un error en los cuarteles 2º y 3º, los leones rampantes de gules cuando son de su color como queda dicho más arriba.