Archive for February 2009

Center for Research of Orthodox Monarchism – Board for Heraldic and Genealogical Studies

COA CROM

 

On June 3, 2001, a new branch of the Center for Research of Orthodox Monarchism (CROM) was established: the Board for Heraldic and Genealogical Studies (BHGS).

As the name implies, the CROM dedicates itself to the research of any topics that pertain to the monarchies of those countries that espouse the Orthodox Christian faith. By extension, topics related to the families of the former or current nobility, royalty of the Orthodox faith are also covered by its charter. The Center also has a close relationship with ecclesiasts of of the various Orthodox churches of the world.

 

COA Jovanovich (full)Arms of the Rev. Fr. Deacon Nenad Jovanovich

Furthermore, the CROM (and naturally the BHGS) has operated since November of 2005 under the High Patronage of HRH Prince Aleksandar Pavlov Karageorgevich of Yugoslavia. The BHGS currently being led by the Reverend Father Deacon Nenand M. Jovanovich, an Orthodox clergyman with extensive heraldic knowledge and a passion for his work.

COA KarađorđevićArms of HRH Prince Aleksander Pavlov Karađorđević

The CROM over the years has had the opportunity to design and/or emblazon the arms of many distinguished personages such as the Royal House of Karađorđević of Serbia, the Royal House of Bagration-Muchraneli of Georgia, the Royal House of Braganza of Portugal, etc.

 

COA marital Bagration

Marital arms of Bagration-Mukhrani and Bagration-Gruzinsky

The Board was most recently asked to create the marital arms for the wedding of Prince David Bagration-Mukhrani with Princess Anna Bagration-Gruzinsky, that will result in uniting the two principle claimant lines to the throne of Georgia. These marital arms are displayed above.

Specifically though, the charter of the BHGS states the following:

  • The popularization of heraldry in the Orthodox countries.
  • To create new or enhance existing relationships with other similar organizations worldwide. An emphasis, of course, given to those extant organizations in the countries of interest. Also, to assist those few individuals in those countries who have a passion or knowledge in the subject matter to promote the topic.
  • To organize and participate in related congresses, conventions, lectures, panels, etc. where heraldic and genealogical topics are presented. Presentations of subjects that are well researched and contribute to furthering the body of knowledge.
  • To publish research findings and to appear in the media (printed, audio, visual or electronic). The objective, of course, to make the subjects of genealogy and heraldry more approachable to general population. Most people either aren’t aware of the art and science behind these areas or have an incorrect notion of what is involved. Through media exposure, it is hoped that more people will come to know what is genealogy and heraldry, and perhaps take a personal interest.
  • Publication of a periodical in print and electronically where various topics researched are presented. Additionally, emblazonments of the armorial achievements of various armigerous persons or familes, such as royal dynasties or historical nobility.
  • In addition to the periodical, the creation and maintenance of a website to have an online presence is sought to enhance the communication with the general public.
  • An emphasis is also put on keeping up to date in the technological arena so as to make sure that the message is always delivered without hindrance.
  • The Board is to also give its attention to the education of those who are interested in the disciplines of genealogy and heraldy. Through the education efforts it is expected to set the foundations for the next generations of experts in the field.
  • Finally, the study, rendition, design and certification of existing or new ecclesiastical, civic, corporate and personal arms and symbols are to be central.

Naturally, all of the above can only be achieved by making sure that experts and talented artists are brought together to make sure that the outcome is of the highest quality.

COA Ecclesiastical CROM

The Right Reverend Protopresbyter Father Srboljub M. Miletich

The associates of the CROM-BHGS are highly talented and very much devoted to the cause of genealogy and heraldry. The artists, especially, are at a level that very few world-wide can even come close to in talent and attention to detail.

COA HRH Duke Dom Duarte Pio of BraganzaArms of HRH Duke Dom Duarte Pio of Braganza

The art shown in this post are from the heraldic gallery of the CROM-BHGS located (in English) at www.czipm.org/heraldika-08.html

The website is predominantly in Serbian with certain areas in English and Russian. It is located at www.czipm.org while the direct link to the BHGS section is at http://www.czipm.org/heraldika.html

Supporters in Heraldry

COA United Kingdom

In Boutell’s Heraldry, supporters in heraldry are defined as “figures that stand on either side of the shield, as if upholding and guarding it”. These figures can either be human or beast and can be real or mythological or completely original and imagined. Sometimes even inanimate objects are used as supporters.

Though in the majority of cases there are only two supporters, one on either side of the shield (as Boutell mentioned), this is not a rule set in stone. There are many examples of heraldic achievements that use anything from a single supporter all the way to four.

COA Austria

In the case of single supporters, the most common is the use of an eagle displayed (in other words, with it’s breast towards the viewer and the wings open). An example of arms with such a supporter as seen above.

COA Spain 1977-1981

The arms of Spain, used between 1977 and 1981 shown above, use three supporters: the eagle displayed and the Pillars of Hercules. In ancient Greek mythology, the promontories that flank the Strait of Gibraltar were named after the mythological demigod.

COA Iceland

Then again, we have an example of arms with four supporters in the achievement of Iceland above.

But, what is the history of the supporters in heraldry?

It is said that originally, heraldic artists drew figures around the shield to fill out the empty space when creating seals for their masters. This was done without any real heraldic meaning or rules. They were just “filler”.

Over the years, the use of supporters, as with the rest of heraldry, started becoming organized and rules were established. These rules were not only observed in the United Kingdom but also in the rest of Europe. In those regions where heraldry is not regulated, the traditional “laws” of heraldry are observed, especially when it comes to the use of supporters.

So, what are those rules governing the use of supporters?

In the UK, only the following are permitted:

  • Peers of the Realm
  • Knights of the Garter
  • Knights of the Thistle
  • Knights of St. Patrick
  • Knights Grand Cross and Knights Grand Commanders of any of the established orders of the kingdom
  • Bailiffs and Dames Grand Cross of the Most Venerable Order of the Hospital of St. John of Jerusalem
  • County, city, district and town councils Certain corporations
  • Those specifically granted them through a Royal License

In the UK there is the further restriction on the inheritance of supporters. Only hereditary Peers can transmit their supporters along with their arms to their heirs. All others may only use them during their lifetime and cannot transmit them.

Similar rules exist on the continent as well. The general rule of thumb is that supporters are used by those of the upper nobility, government entities, most companies and those individuals specifically granted supporters to.

All these rules are great for those countries with established rules or with a government regulated authority or in monarchies. Things are much simpler there for the armiger looking to adopt arms: you don’t use supporters unless expressly permitted to do so.

However, what is an armiger in a free republic without regulated heraldry to do?

In a republic like the United States, the citizen is the sovereign. There is no other individual in the realm above the citizen. Does this mean that he or she may use supporters?

The answer is “yes but, it’s not recommended”. The reasoning behind this answer is simple: in an unregulated environment, one can do whatever he or she pleases but needs to take into account the perception created.

This perception is why I gave the answer “not recommended”. Since supporters are, for better or worse, so closely associated with the highest levels of nobility, the implication is that if one freely assumes supporters, they are pretending to be what they are not. They are posturing as being above everyone else.

The typical response would be “so what?”. And indeed, “so what?”, no laws are being broken and nothing is technically wrong. Only some traditionalists may get flustered. Why should anybody care? Why shouldn’t a free citizen of a presidential republic not assume supporters?

My personal belief is that if you want to have supporters and there isn’t a law stopping you, go for it. But, I look to the example of such enlightened and gifted leaders from our history that bore arms proudly but never adopted supporters even though they most definitely deserved any augmentation and accolade.

I am referring to General George Washington, the founder of the United States and first President. He was a firm supporter and lover of heraldry but, interestingly, he did not support the establishment of an heraldic authority in the new country*. He did not want to have supporters for his arms as they would imply nobility, something the Founding Fathers fought hard to rid themselves of, and being above all other Americans.

If a man such as George Washington did not adopt supporters for his arms, then why should I?

 


*I had previously written that George Washington would have indeed supported such an idea. I was wrong and this post was edited to reflect the truth.

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